The profit or cost added to the base exchange rate, contributing to the difference between buying and selling prices for a currency.
The profit margin or markup applied to a cost base when using cost-plus or other transfer pricing methods.
Transfer pricing documentation requirements under BEPS, including a master file for group-wide information and a local file for entity-specific information.
The midpoint between the buying (bid) and selling (ask) rates for a currency, often used as a reference for exchange rate comparisons.
The rate at which banks lend to one another in the money market, often reflecting short-term liquidity and borrowing conditions.
The interest rate on short-term financial instruments, reflecting the cost of borrowing or lending in the money market.
Investments that can be easily bought or sold in the financial markets.
An accounting principle that requires expenses to be recognized in the same period as the related revenue.
A deduction or reimbursement for the use of a personal vehicle for business purposes.
The illegal process of making large sums of money obtained from criminal activities appear legal.
A statistical phenomenon where two or more variables in a regression model are highly correlated.